One of the best Military Commanders of the history and also a great statesman. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. In 60 BC under Caesar’s the Augustus.
Born in a patrician family, Caesar received the classic education of a young Roman at Rome and in Rhodes. Cicero, a Roman statesman and philosopher, considered Caesar one of the most cultured and literate of Romans. Caesar served as a young officer in Asia Minor and was quaestor (financial official) in Farther Spain (69 BC.)
Caesar’s first important political success came in 63 BC., when he was elected pontifex maximus, the chief religious office in Rome that carried important political possibilities. Caesar was then elected praetor (an elected Roman official) for 62 BC. and served his “propraetorship” in Spain (Hispania Ulterior).
Julius Caesar rose through the political and military ranks of Republican Rome to become Consul in 59 BC, establishing control of Rome by forming the so-called First Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus.
Appointed Governor of four legions he conquered Gaul greatly extending Rome’s empire. In 49 BC Caesar, refusing to give up his command he crossed the Rubicon and ignited civil war.
Appointed Dictator of Rome in 48BC he defeated his opponents before instigating a series of reforms, including the Roman calendar.
He was assassinated in Rome on the Ides of March (March 15, 44 BC, aged 57) by a group of conspirators including Brutus.
Much of Caesar’s life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources.
Most important dates and military events where he was involved:
0055 BC. He conducted the first Roman invasion of Britain.
0052-10-03 BC Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans leads by Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia
0049-01-10 BC Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the beginning of civil war
0048-08-09 BC Caesar’s civil war: Battle of Pharsalus – Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
0048-07-10 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
0046-09-26 BC Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.
0046-04-06 BC Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.
0046-01-04 BC Julius Caesar defeats Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina.
0045-03-17 BC In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.